Rancagua

(Place of reed beds or escorzoneras)

Rancagua in Chile

Rancagua in Chile

Rancagua is located next to the Cachapoal River (Rio Cachapoal). It is a commercial center and of food elaboration of an ample agricultural and mining region. Rancagua is located to 54 miles of Santiago and has 187,324 inhabitants.

This beautiful Chilean city, capital city of Sixth Region of the General Liberator Bernardo O’Higgins, (Capital de la Sexta Región del General Bernardo O’Higgins) maintains the own customs and traditions that identify the national folklore, expressed so much in their agricultural production, from their generous land the wine is born that has reached international fame, its religious and from their customs crafts, music, dances and celebrations. On the other hand, mining zones exist where the copper is extracted; natural zones of spas and in addition, a ski center, towards mountains. It was founded on 1743 in territory previously inhabited by the Picunche town and soon Inca inhabitants, with the name of Village Saint Cross of Triana (Villa Santa Cruz de Triana).

In your visit, you will be able to know the Seat the Heroes (Plaza de los Héroes), the Provincial Government of Cachapoal (La Gobernación Provincial del Cachapoal), the Church of the Mercy (La Iglesia de la Merced), the Regional Museum of Rancagua (El Museo Regional de Rancagua), the House of the Culture (La Casa de la Cultura) and the House of the Pillar of Corner (La Casa del Pilar de Esquina), all declared National Monuments (Monumentos Nacionales).

From Rancagua, you will be able to visit the Mineral The Lieutenant (El Teniente), the second cooper deposit in Chile and the biggest underground mine of the world, and the National Reserve River the Cypresses (La Reserva Nacional Rio Los Cipreses).

As far as the flora and fauna protected by the national reserve Cipreses River (Reserva Nacional Rio Los Cipreses), we can name in the first place to the parrot tricahue, species in extinction danger. Its fauna is varied and between the mammals they emphasize pumas, guanacos, foxes, culpeos, chillas, and vizcachas; between the dark-brown birds it is possible to sight tricahue, condors and eagles. It counts on a forest (leaf lasts) constituted by peumos, Quillayes and liter, among others and has a forest of cypress of the mountain range next to unit of olivillo.

In order to arrive at Rancagua, it is recommended to make it by the old way. It is a route on the part of the old dirt road to the south, that runs parallel to the Pan-American (Panamericana), passing by properties with beautiful supervisory houses and parks of enormous trees, to finish in the active and prosperous Rancagua, visiting its monuments and churches. It is a circuit of 103 miles of roundtrip, with 11 miles filled with rubble. It is recommended a stroll in autumn or spring. You have the option to have lunch in Rancagua. There is tollgate payment in Narrowness (Angostura).

Rancagua, Chile

Rancagua, Chile

Leave Santiago by the South Pan-American (Panamericana Sur) and passes the tollgate of Narrowness (Angostura). In 38 miles, double to the right by the South access to the town of San Francisco of Mostazal. This name was obtained from an old large property located on its contours called Mostazal and of the small constructed church on 1858 denominated San Francisco that later gave origin to the town. Its layout is of regular streets formed around the Station of the railroad (Estación de Ferrocarriles), declared national monument (Monumento Nacional).

From San Francisco de Mostazal, continue more towards the south by the Old Longitudinal way (Camino Longitudinal Antiguo), which is paved in its totality, to 984 feet to the south of the passage on level that takes place with bypass to Rancagua. At east side, you will find the main entrance to the Park of the Property Alleys (Parque de la Hacienda Los Callejones), of 10 hectares. The beautiful houses and warehouses were completely destroyed by the 1985 earthquake. The park, of singular beauty, was created by the three great landscapers, authors of most of the Chilean parks.

The history of the Park of the Property Alleys (Parque de la Hacienda Los Callejones) goes back to 1880, when Gustave Renner drew up the original park on the base of a group of old existing trees. Soon, in 1923, the French Gachelin created the grass esplanade and constructed the great sink in front of the houses. Finally, in 1940 Osear Prager suppressed trees and he increased the extensions of grass, with the intention of extending the perspective. Today it is a remarkable park by his great avenues of “sequoias” and the wealth of his variety of coniferous, between which a beautiful unit of cedar of the Lebanon of bluish color stands out. The Park of the Property Alleys (Parque de la Hacienda Los Callejones) belongs to the Association of Guides and Scouts. For visits, the schedule of March to December, from Monday to Sunday from 8 to 18 hours; Saturday and Sunday from 8 to 20 hours. The visit by the day has a value of $1,000, to encamp $1,250, includes the swimming pool use.

Return to the old way and you follow the south by a zone of tobacco plantations, vineyards and maize, that give a pretty colorful to the landscape. In miles 39, by right hand, is the beautiful Park of Barns (Graneros). Hijuelas was constructed in one of the eleven in which the great property of Barns (Parque de Graneros), property of Don Mateo de Toro and Zambrano was divided, Count of the Conquest (Conde de la Conquista). His descendant, Don Jose Correa and Toro, great lover of the botany, inherited this land and entrusted the design from the park to Gustave Renner, in 1880.

The supervisory houses are not conserved, but the Park of Barns (Parque de Graneros) displays a spectacle worthy to see: it has beautiful sinks of water, sculptures, an enormous and varied collection of trees and many flowers of showy colors. A good opportunity to know it is to visit the conservatory in its interior that offers beautiful varieties to good price.

Leaving the Park of Barns (Parque de Graneros), few meters towards the south, is the crossing that, to the left, leads to Barns (Graneros), with 21,615 inhabitants, is a showy town with a beautiful seat and the station of the railroad in front. Its name comes from a derivation of the old cereal barns that existed there and that belonged to the great property of the Company of Jesus (Compañía de Jesús), donated by the marriage of Alfonso de Campofrío and Carvajal and Catherine of the Rivers and Lisperger. The title of Villa was granted by decree of the 17 of November of 1899.

It is recommended to know in Barns (Graneros) the cozy Seat Arms and the park Father Alberto Hurtado with centennial trees. In the centric sector Av. the Company (Av. La Compañía), it is the Hodgkinson House (Casa Hodgkinson), declared national monument. Here the offices of the mine The Lieutenant (El Teniente) settled down. Later it was occupied by an arsenal, in where, it is said, the first automobile of the country was armed and the first street car made that ran by Rancagua. At the moment the Municipal Library (Biblioteca Municipal) works. Behind the streets O’Higgins with Arica, is the House of the Cueca (Casa de la Cueca), where compatible rocks and activities to the folklore are made. The street Arturo Prat, compares to O’Higgins, conform the patrimonial axis and is flanked of old constructions. In one old supervisory house located in Rafael Lira s/n works the Seminary Christ King (Cristo Rey), has a beautiful chapel and receives programmed visits.

In the town of Barns (Graneros) are carried out traditional events, such as the Creole Games in September, and National Encounter of Cueca (Encuentro Nacional de Cueca) in November.

Soon, retake the main way that runs between extensive plantations of great colorful. In miles 44, by right hand, you will find the Ranch Santa Cristina, with an old park. Near 0.6 miles ahead is the Moranirta, an old ranch that, along with Santa Elena and Santa Cristina, formed a single property until 1779. The houses that create a pretty set with yards, extensive patios and a small chapel, date from between 1820 and 1850. At the moment they lodge a Disciplinary center of Women and it only can be visited from outside.

More ahead, in miles 45, it is located the ranch Santa Elena, with a pretty supervisory house. Continue by the left to arrive, in miles 48, to Rancagua, that means place reed beds or escorzoneras that have 206,971 inhabitants, Capital city of the Region of the Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins. It constitutes a dynamic commercial, industrial center and of services. Picunches Indians lived there and, later, the Incas, who settled in these land, constructing a suspension bridge of cord and wicker on the Cachapoal river (Rio Cachapoal), the one that later was used by the Spanish conquerors. Last of the picunches leaders, Tomás Guaglén, yielded part of its territory for the future city of Rancagua, founded on 1743 by the Governor Manso of Velasco, with the title of Villa Santa Cruz de Triana. Already in 1745 there were 40 houses and some trapiches for the milling of the gold mineral, found in the neighboring mountain ranges of Alhué. Almost a century later, Rancagua was protagonist of a dramatic historical fact; the battle or “disaster” of Rancagua, in that the patriotic ones repulsed during two days the attack of the powerful Realistic Army, being the leader Osorio. The fight caused the destruction of almost all the buildings around the seat.

In order to know in a visit the city of Rancagua, it is good to know that Rancagua has varied and entertainments attractions. Its layout is typical Spanish of grid of eight apples by side, with the Seat of the Heroes (Plaza Los Héroes) to the center. The seat differs from the common one of Spanish structures, since here the streets leave not from the corners but from the flanks. It is very pretty and it has enormous trees, in addition, benches where the rancagüinos in their free short whiles meet; the seat and its surroundings have been declared Typical Zone. In one of its vertices is located the building of the Provincial Interior of Cachapoal (Gobernación Provincial del Cachapoal), declared national monument, was constructed between 1887 and 1889, that emphasizes by its size and beauty.

While in Rancagua you should visit the beautiful and old Church of the Mercy (Iglesia de la Merced), declared national monument. It is located in the street Estado corner Cuevas. Its construction dates from century XVIII and is well-known by its great beauty and because it had an historical roll in the battle of Rancagua, during which the father of the mother country, Don Bernardo O’Higgins, watched from his tower hoping uselessly the aid of Carrera. Next to the church is the parochial house, with its beautiful and great inner door of entrance. For visits, the schedule is from Monday to Sunday. There are masses in summer, from Monday to Saturday at 19:30 hours, Sunday at 10, 12 and 19:30 hours; in winter, from Monday to Saturday at 19 hours and Sunday at 10, 12 and 19 hours.

Follow by street Estado. When arriving at Ibieta Street, you will find two houses, separated by the street Estado; they are the Regional Museum of Rancagua (Museo Regional de Rancagua), declared national monument, both houses are the only vestiges of the time of the foundation of Villa, in century XVIII. Their structures correspond to the typical example of Chilean traditional architecture.

The House of the Pillar of Corner, declared national monument, in 1950, the spouses Flores Moreno, proprietors of the house, created in the South wing the Museum of the Old Mother country (Museo de la Patria Vieja). Soon, this building was closed and remained so per years, until their restoration in 1995.

At the moment, the House of the Pillar of Corner (La Casa del Pilar de Esquina) counts on 4 rooms for temporary exhibitions and cultural activities. In the second floor, are 3 rooms with regional history. The first displays a natural and cultural panorama of the region, from prehistory to the arrival of the Spaniards. Second, it treats the offices related to the mining and the metallurgy, emphasizing the traditional offices inherited of the indigenous ancestors and those introduced by the Spanish conquerors. The third room shows the offices related to agriculture; chamarileras and weavers of the coastal dry land, crockery, natural fiber craftsmen traditional, instruments and games.

The House of the Ochavo (La Casa del Ochavo), declared national monument, is a building of one floor and two patios, soon belonged to Don Carlos Rodriguez and to his son Manuel. The similarity of names with the historical personage originated the myth of which this house was of the famous guerrilla group.

Its last proprietor maintained it with furniture as it was used at the colonial time, did not even install electrical light. The Municipality bought the property and it recovered it to destine it to the Museum. Later, at the original form was constructed a second patio following the original form. It keeps an interesting colonial collection of religious images, and recreates four environments with furniture of the time (hall, writing-desk, dining room and dormitory), typical of a Chilean house of century XIX. Finally, it has a room that treats about independence, there is displayed an interactive scale model on Battle of Rancagua. The schedule of visits is from Tuesday to Friday from 10 to 18 hours; Saturday and Sunday from 9 to 13 hours. The entrance costs $600, children and elder people $300. Tuesday and Sunday the entrance is released.

More to the south, in Cachapoal corner Millán, it is located the House of the Culture (Casa de la Cultura), declared national monument; it corresponds to the old supervisory houses of the ranch el Puente, part of the Property the Carmen, those that served as headquarter to the General Staff of the Colonel of the Realistic Army, Don Mariano Osorio, in October of 1814.

In the House of the Culture works an important center of artistic and cultural formation today. It counts on two exhibition halls: room of Contemporary Art, and its schedule of visits is from Monday to Saturday from 8:30 to 18 hours; room Samuel Roman and his schedule of visits is from Monday through Friday from 8:30 to 14 hours. All the year is open and the entrance is gratuitous.

It is recommended to cross the grid of colonial Rancagua, where it will find diverse houses of the time. In order to finish, think about a stroll by the commercial artery and its excellent confectioneries and know the ex- Park Communal, in the intersection of the Pan-American route with Av. O’Higgins. There the Catalonia Park (Parque Cataluña) is constructed, that will lodge the chapel Our Lady of the Angels (Nuestra Señora de los Andes), designed by famous Catalan architect Antonio Gaudí. The project is part of works to celebrate the Bicentennial of the Republic (Bicentenario de la República).

To 37 miles of Rancagua is the Center of Ski Green Plate (Centro de Esquí Chapa Verde) and to 7.545 feet of altitude. It counts on a skiing area of 660 hectare, and fields of different level. The season extends of June to September. The ski center was created in 1989 by the workers of Codelco and is open to all public.

The access to the Center of Ski Green Plate (Centro de Esquí Chapa Verde) is made in special buses from Rancagua, because the particular vehicles are not authorized to rise. The buses leave from the America Seat, supermarket Leader of Av. Miguel Ramirez 665. The schedule of the exits is from Monday through Friday from 9 to 9:30 hours. Saturday and Sunday, from 8 to 9:30 hours.

The Center of Ski Green Plate (Centro de Esquí Chapa Verde) counts on refuge, 59 equipped cabins, leasing of equipment, school of ski, repair shop, body of patrols, first aid and two restaurants, one with complete service and another one of fast food.

The fields of the Center of Ski Green Plate (Centro de Esquí Chapa Verde) are 22, with different nascent, average and advanced degrees of difficulty for. There is a ferry cable of drag 656 feet in the Beginning field, 1 of drag 984 feet for Beginner, 1 of drag 3.608 feet and unevenness of 158 feet, 1 tele chair triple of 3.805 feet and 1.312 feet of unevenness. The ferry cables work from 9 to 17:30 hours.

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