El Morado Natural Monument

El Morado Natural Monument in Cajon del Maipo, Chile

El Morado Natural Monument in Cajon del Maipo, Chile

El Morado Natural Monument has a surface of 7.435,40 acres. Is in the mountain range zone of the gorge of Maipo, to the South-east of Santiago, immediately to the east of the locality of Morales Baths in the commune of San Jose de Maipo. Between the hills that surround the gorge, El Morado is the highest with 16.601,05 feet of altitude, followed by the Viewpoint of the El Morado (14.173,23 feet above the sea level.)

El Morado Natural Monument is a protected area administered by Conaf. It is located between the 5.741,47 and 16.601,05 feet of altitude. Its has its name due to the dark color of the rock, of which the matting is born Morales hill.

Footpaths in El Morado Natural Monument

It counts with a footpath of 4,97 miles that goes from the Administration to the base of the San Francisco glacier, to 8.038,06 feet of altitude, that it can be crossed on foot in 3 hours. At 1,86 miles of initiate the long walk you reach the Sector of Panimávidas Waters, 1 to 1 1/2 hour on foot, and in 1,24 miles more to the Morales lagoon, of 2 to 2 1/2 hours on foot. The time of return from the glacier is of approximately of 2 hours. For visits every day, the schedule of entrance is from October to March of 8:30 to 16:30 hours, April to September of 9 to 14:30 hours. The Schedule of attention in the office of the Administration is of 8:30 to 18:30 hours. The Administration reserves the right to prohibit the entrance by climatic reasons or lack suitable protective equipment. The value of the daily entrance for young and adults is of $1.500 and $500, elderly people free.

Access to El Morado Natural Monument:

The main access road to the Natural Monument is the G-5 route that unites Puente Alto with San Jose de Maipo-El Volcano. From Santiago there are different alternatives to connect to the main line. 1) By Vicuña Mackenna avenue towards the south until Puente Alto, from that place to take Route San Jose de Maipo. 2) By Florida avenue

Towards the south, is united in the Vizcachas sector. 3) From the commune of Pirque where the route that is united with the highway the North-South is born and, in addition, with Route G-25 San Jose de Maipo in the Bridge the Toyo.

Although the totality of the micro river basin is very interesting, one of the points that make possible an ample field of view is the Panimávidas viewpoint.

. From these heights can be seen a valley located in the center of the Monument and mountains that limit with the impressive glacier that is on the feet of the Morado hill.

The hydro network that the river basin has is abundant. Numerous water jumps and small matting flow from both sides of slopes soon to be united to the main channel that is the Morales river, which is born in the foothill of Morado hills (to 16.601,05 feet of altitude.) and San Francisco (to 14.173,23 feet of altitude.), product of defrosting of snow. The Morales matting follows its north-south course in a route of 6,21 miles to end, finally, in the Volcán river, that has an East-West course.

El Morado Natural Monument historical background:

Archaeological studies indicate that for the thousand of years Andean zones have been visited by hunting-collectors groups, which in summer arrived at these environs in search of raw materials and hunting prey. In the mountain range zone, where is the Monument, this process occurred until the beginning of XIII Century, when the Chiquillanes developed as central activity the hunting and the wild harvesting of fruits and plants. On the other hand, colonial documents report indiscriminate hunting of guanacos, condors and other animals in the zone. Finally, elements of folklore could be rescued of the oral tradition showed by carriers and villagers.

Wildlife and flora in El Morado Natural Monument:

In this typical mountain range central landscape, the predominant species are the birds, reptiles and mammals. Between these the last common ones are the rodents, mainly cururo and the silky mouse of Noah. Between the birds it is frequent to observe species like the yal, cometocino, chirihue gilded, black finch, cordilleran finch, tenca, zorzal, Chilean wanderer, dormilona friar, churrín, bandurrilla and miner. Also the giant “picaflor” and the mountain range “picaflor,” the mountain range turtle doves, the perdicita and the perdicita cojón are common. In aquatic atmospheres the piuquén or guayata and the juarjual duck, whose population was gradually increased as resulting from the developed activities of protection in this zone.

This monument offer a large sort of activities for visitors: Climbing, Scaling, Trekking, Cavalcade, Hiking, Camping, flora and fauna Observation and Photography.

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