Plaza de Armas of Santiago, Chile.

Pedro de Valdivia, statue in the Plaza de Armas, Santiago.

Pedro de Valdivia, statue in the Plaza de Armas, Santiago.

Arrive by subway, line 5, Plaza de Armas Station. Also you can be arrived from the Universidad of Chile Station, and walk just 4 blocks, through the Ahumada Boulevard.Concerning about locations and distances, there are several Santiago hotels located downtown, but there is no need to be in the same commune to enjoy the highlights of Santiago downtown area, ask for directions in your hotel reception to get easy access or plan your journey with one of ours tours, such as the Visit to Santiago Tour to have a deeper insight. Once there you will see several statues, one of them is representing Pedro de Valdivia, the founder of Santiago, whom in 1541 and ordered to draw up the Square of Arms in the center of the incipient city. It reserved for himself a lot in the North flank, where it is the present Post office building. For the church it destined the west flank, where the Cathedral is elevated. According to the established norm by Spain for the founded cities on “the Indians”, the square was “dry”, that is to say, cleared and level, where the gallows was located, that was the visible sign of real justice. The surroundings were occupied by the Church, the Tribunal real, the Town hall, the Jail and the residences of the main conquerors. To the center the “carts” parked, with products of the land that supplied to the city. As a result its commercial destination was born that, during the Colony, generated “recovas”, a kind of covered perimeter galleries where the businesses settled. That is the origin of the present “passages” “boulevard” that border part of this square. Towards 1860 and following a European fashion, the square was forested, creating mini boulevards with gardens and trees. The Plaza de Armas was remodeled in 1998 and 2000, recreating the model of Brazilian plazas, introducing less trees and more concrete to the design. Today we can still find street photographers with old “machines of drawer”, salesmen, sketchers, shoes polishers and large amount of British doves, brought by a home sick English man. In a pergola the municipal band executes its music in the mornings of Thursday and Sunday, when coming out of the greater crowd. The square and its surroundings have been declared Typical Zone by the National Monument Council.