Magallanes National Reserve

The National Reserve of Magallanes near <a href=Punta Arenas, Chile” width=”150″ height=”150″ />

The National Reserve of Magallanes near Punta Arenas, Chile

Magallanes National Reserve, was created in 1932 and is located in the peninsula of Brunswick, 4.66 mi to the west of Punta Arenas, has a surface of 48,49 acres, the greater heights are the hills Mirador, to 2.007,87 feet, and Laurita, to 2.024,28 feet, that do not exceed the 1.968,50 feet above sea level.

The access to Magallanes National Reserve is of passable debris way all the year. In winter the use of chains for the vehicles is mandatory . There is a bifurcation in Magallanes National Reserve that leads to the west and that goes through the Andean sector, to 4,35 miles of Punta Arenas, this one takes to the sector las Minas, River also known like Japanese Park, with an area of picnic protected by sheds. In km 9 is the Ski Center Hill Mirador in the summit and slope of the Fenton mount, known like Mirador hill .

Magallanes National Reserve has 2 footpaths: the footpath the Lengas, of 3600 meters, that allows  to appreciate the differences of a forest with and without suitable plan of handling. It is passed by a viewpoint and the two predominant species are observed: coigüe and lenga. The footpath Mirador, of 1000 meters, goes into in the throat of the las Minas river, running through the native forest, that undergoes changes of color, specially in autumn, during the passage surrounds the  Mirador hill, are obtaining excellent panoramic views towards the Otway bay, Strait of Magellan, island of Tierra del Fuego and city of Punta Arenas.

Magallanes National Reserve is between two types of climates: of trans-Andean cold steppe and with steppe degeneration; The annual average temperature is of 7° C and the precipitation goes between the 23,6220 to 27,5591 in, with a great amount of fallen snow.  The main  attractiveness of Magallanes National Reserve constitutes its flora since it has flora communities intimately related to the climate as is well possible to classify in 3 groups: Forest Magallánico Caducifolio, Forest Magallánico Mixto and peat. The differences in each one of these groups  are based mainly to the composition and predominance of the species in each layer, being most representative in the arboreal layer lenga, coigüe and ñirre.

The proximity to the city of Punta Arenas and the illegal operation of its resources in the past have given origin to an almost total extinction of once a rich wild fauna of Magallanes National Reserve. Nevertheless, Magallanes National Reserve as is restoring the balance in the area is increasing the fauna gradually; it is possible as well to observe with certain frequency the following species:

Birds: chincol, loica, tordo, owl, tiuque, caiquén, diucón, zorzal, vari, rayadito, avutarda, small duck jergón, real duck, chercán, black carpenter, pitio, condor and others.

Mammals: Between most common to observe we have gray fox, culpeo fox and puma in zone of scrub and forest, like also several species of rodents like the woolly ratoncito and lauchón of small foot. In addition there are two introduced species easy to observe that they are the rabbit and the hare.

Fish: salmon, trout, farios arcoíris in Grande River and Peat River.

Magallanes National Reserve is stands out to count on great mineral reserves, denominated Loreto mantle that covers great part with the hidrographic river basin of the Las Minas river hat is located in the west margin of the Reserve. From the point of view of historical mining, in Magallanes National Reserve existed from 1871 to 1950 great mining companies that made the mineral coal extraction, getting to extract an annual production that oscillated between the 50,000 and 60,000 tons.

In addition in Magallanes National Reserve were  gold extraction sites  in all the river basin of the Las Minas river from 1869 to the decade of 1880. In Magallanes National Reserve there are camping areas that are located in the borders in all the sector of the reserve, in addition there are also places for snack.

The main activities that can be made in Magallanes National Reserve are: hiking, observation of flora and fauna, panoramic observation, environmental educative information.