Lota

(Small town – Pequeño poblado)

View of the city

View of the city

The locality of Lota is an old mining town, placed 5 miles to the south of the city of Coronel and 26 miles from Concepción.

The city of Lota was founded by the Spanish Governor Angel of Peredo in 1662, and the 5 of January of 1875 is conferred to Lota the title of city. In 1852, Matías Cousiño acquires lands where the carboniferous company rose.

The narrow city of Lota, among steep hills, was well-known by its industrial port and its coalmines that closed in 1997. Today, it is tried to reconvert it into a tourist attraction center, with hotels, houses of guests, casino, places of relaxation, swimming pools and fields of sports. Conserving its original layout as its bases, it is being modernized with the creation of a market, the transfer of its municipality to Low Lota (Lota Bajo), the remodeling of the first pavilions and the construction of a coastal stroll between Sunk Town (Pueblo Hundido) and White Beach (Playa Blanca). At the same time, a series of buildings are being recovered, as the one of ENACAR.

Within the urban area, Lota has several railway lines that cross it by seven tunnels. It is divided in two districts: High Lota (Lota Alto). Located in the hill, it was initiated by Matias Cousiño in 1849, with the opening of the coalmine. Here, the mining population concentrated itself before, the mines, the industries and the administration. It was private property and today it forms a whole with Low Lota (Lota Bajo). It is a population originated around the creek of fishermen (1841) that grew towards hills as the service city of the mine.

The Park of Lota (Parque de Lota) is compounded of 14 hectares. Located in a peninsula, it was designed by the English landscaper Bartelet between 1862 and 1872 and continued by G. O’Reilly. To its creation contributed decidedly Isidora Goyenechea de Cousiño, who looked after the park until the day of her death, in 1899. It brought from Europe ornate elements, such as fountain, kiosks, statues, lights, benches, fences and vases. She constructed also different buildings, among which it emphasized the imposing central palace, destroyed for the 1960 earthquake. The palace, initiated in 1885, never got to be inhabited. Later, the offices of the company worked there. The heirs of Isidora Goyenechea preferred to arrange as their home a small and pretty house on the cliff, also disappeared in 1960. It is open every day of the year, from November to March from 10:00 to 20:00 and from April to October from 10:00 to 18:00. Entrance $1600, children $1200. The value of the entrance includes the service of guides and can vary according to season.

Mine Draft of the Devil and Mining Museum.

(Mina Chiflón del Diablo y Museo Minero)

Live a real Safari Under Earth in the Mine Draft of the Devil (Mina Chiflón del Diablo) next to your family. The only mine ventilated naturally around the world opens to the public and that takes you under the sea 2.788 miles that you will cross in 1.5 to 2 hours of interesting visit by the gallery Sub Terra. The only one also, because it shows the mining for pillar, visits able in the Tour Juan Fariña the one that was used in century XIX. Its 250 tons metric of metallurgical coal were extracted daily. The temperature is of 73 Fahrenheit at heart of the mine. Ex- miners who worked in it, will accompany you and you will be able to know of first source as they lived, worked, their customs, dreams and difficulties. Sing along with them, the hymn of the miner, enjoy with the gossip of the time, eat Mining Manche (Manche Minero) in our cafeteria, take with you a piece of coal of 100 million years of memory and turn yourself in another miner of Lota. Available for most daring, it is the experience to live which was a Mining Turn, 5 to 10 hours of unforgettable experience next to our expert guides where you will know the rigors of this extractive activity. There are showers for your comfort. You have to bring a spare comfortable and closed pair of shoes, a spare T-shirt or a shirt ideally, so that you can change. The mine Draft of the Devil (Mina Chiflón del Diablo), at the present time, counts on strict controls of security that allow that the tourist has an unforgettable experience.

Historical Museum of Lota (Museo Histórico de Lota)

Historical Museum of Lota

Historical Museum of Lota

To 328 feet from the entrance to the Park is the Historical Museum of Lota (Museo Histórico de Lota) in the ex- house of the administrator of ENACAR, constructed in 1864, for the lodging of the Dr Munroe, Duncan and their families since 1871, Directors of the Hospital of High Lota (Lota Alto). Later, it was inhabited by different Managers of the Carboniferous Company until its transformation in Museum. In it are included a room of reception to the public, an indigenous sample, objects of the beginning of the colonization, objects used in the mining and its administration, in addition, objects of domestic use, a dining room in blond mahogany with a chimney worked in France in walnut the one that was in one of the main halls of the palace, sequence of a hundred of photos of the history of Lota, paintings of the Cousiño family and the administrators, room of ceramics with objects of the time and giant images of the factory of 1942 with workers of the time, foreign workers who arrived at the city of Lota 18 of March of 1880, next to a coal piece of 1.543 pounds, room of transport and communications where there is a scale, models of boats of the time, Don Carlos and Uskbridge constructed in Glasgow Scotland, in addition, to giant photos, the first made diligences that united Lota with San Pedro, Room of silver stuff worked in Lota, Room where an office of century XIX is recreated, room of the Lotina woman, hall with furniture of style of the time, a tearoom, room of boiler, and a beautiful garden with machineries used in the mining of the coal. The Historical Museum of Lota (El Museo Histórico de Lota) counts on heating, counts on environmental music and on visits guided by a Lotina lady dressed at the old custom, service without additional cost.

Nearby Lota:

Chivilingo

Chivilingo

Chivilingo

The coastal locality of Chivlingo is located 6 miles to the south of Lota. It has a narrow beach of about 4.921 feet in length. It is of white sands and it is surrounded by hills covered with vegetation that protect it of the wind.

The name of “Chivilingo” of mapuche origin does not have a simple translation. Between possibilities, there are two that monopolize our attention: “chivi” – pain and “lonco” – head, meaning, “headache”, by being this the place where the headache was cured, because the mapuches suffered frequently of the typhus, disease that brings associate the headache, given the presence in the valley of the called plant “natrei” that was used as analgesic. This same plant is the one that originates the saying “… worse than natre…” One second option is the division of the word in “chivin” – to overflow and “Co” – water, meaning, overflowing waters, because both water rivers that surround the valley, the Chivilingo River (Rio Chivilingo) and the Matting of the Weeping (Estero del Llanto), there should have caused severe floods in the valley.

It stands out for having the Hydroelectric Chivilingo, historical, cultural and tourist patrimony; it is the first hydroelectric plant of the country and the second in South America. It was designed by Thomas Alva Edison for the Lota mine. It is work of Carlos Cousiño and entered into operations in 1897 and was declared National Monument in 1990. Years before, by initiative of Mrs. Isidora Goyenechea, was settled down the first pisci culture of the country here. Using French techniques, she introduced in Chile the salmon species. Here, are made tours guided to the House of Machines (Casa de Máquinas) that today lodges the beautiful Museum of the Energy (Museo de la Energía), with all its machines in exhibition.

Few meters from the plant, is the Interactive Museum Big Bang (Museo Interactivo Bing Bang). Through 64 games, shows models of the fundamental laws of the physics in the electricity areas, magnetism, light, waves and sounds.

Chivilingo counts, in addition, on zones to camping and picnic, infantile games and two swimming pools, one for adults and another one for children, besides a crystalline river of slope waters. Also long walks to the jump and to the river are organized. There are visits every day of the year, from 9:00. Entrance $800, children $500. The value per entrance by family is of $8000 pesos.

Laraquete

Laraquete is at the beginning of the beach that borders the Gulf of Araucan. Its beach has an extension of 3.280 feet, with white and fine sands. It is a beautiful place with a calm sea, apt for the sport of fishing and windsurfs. It has, in addition, a creek of fishermen and restaurants with specialties such as haunches of frog, cold fish to the plate, cold and warm seafood, etc. In summer time near ten thousand people camp at the beach.

It is emphasized the nautical beach of Laraquete with smooth swell, allowing, therefore, activities and the Cruces River (Rio Cruces), with its stones of singular characteristics, worked by the craftsmen of the zone.

In the matting the Drawer, can be found the strange stone cross. Small and cleared, by its heads a dark cross notices that emphasizes when the stone part and polishes.

Island Santa Maria

Island Santa Maria

Island Santa Maria

It has around 2,875 inhabitants. From the city of Lota leaves a boat towards the island that displays steep coasts and wave ridges. It counts on simple pensions and camping, attractive places for long walks and good beaches, apt for the submarine and for border fishing where you obtain conger, hake, cojinova and róbalo. The motorboat Cardinal Silva Henríquez, with capacity for 60 people, leaves Lota Tuesdays and Saturdays at 10:00 hours and returns from the island Mondays and Fridays at 8:00 hours. The trip lasts approximately 2 hours. Information about the motorboat, you can find it in the administration with Víctor Mardones.

Lota Fort

Lota Fort

Fort of Lota or Prat Viewpoint (Fuerte de Lota o Mirador Prat)

The Fort of Lota (Fuerte de Lota) is located 1.2 miles from Lota, between Lota Low (Lota Bajo) and Colcura, and is known with the name of old fort (fuerte viejo), in this place was based the city of Lota with the name of Santa Maria of Guadalupe in 1662, by the Governor Angel of Peredo. It was declared National Monument (Monumento Nacional).

This place served as defense during the War of the Pacifico (Guerra del Pacífico). Still, three cannons of the last century are conserved and installed by order of Doña Isidora Goyenechea de Cousiño; near the fort is an indigenous cemetery, where a couple of years ago some anthropologists from Santiago found drawings of the year1795.

At the moment, the place is transformed into a public stroll, and there is a viewpoint and a small square with green areas and gardens; from the top, you have a splendid view of the Pacific Ocean (Oceáno Pacífico), the Santa María Island (Isla Santa María) and part of the city of Lota.

Colcura

Under the valley of Colcura, you will be able to see a forest company, founded in 1881 by the Cousiño family, as help of the mining industry. It was the first Forest Company in Chile. Its plantations of eucalyptuses, Australian aromo and pines macro carp and turulosa – of hard wood – served to reinforce the ceilings of the galleries of the mine. Their forests reached until the locality of Curanilahue.

Lavapié End (Punta Lavapié)

Lavapié end (Punta Lavapie) is formed by a beach and a fishing creek, located to the feet of a cliff next to a lighthouse. You will find seafood in the restaurant of the creek and kitchens selling fried fishes and pies (empanadas).