Chile Holidays

Along with the amazing natural landscapes, in Chile there are other attractive events that can be visited or seen all year round.

Those are the annual events which practically takes the calendar from January to December, offering different alternatives for the visitors to spend a good time and learn a little bit more about the country’s culture.

The great amount of offers of this kind of events imply from important international festivals of popular music – folk or classical – to the typical ones related to folklore and religion.

Each of them have a particular mystic and charm, in each one of them you can also see the reflection of something owned and traditional form their land and its people, being each one an expression of Chilean soul.

The list of the main annual holidays that take place in Chile from north to south are the following:

Tirana’s Party, First Region (Tarapacá)

– Viña del Mar’s Festival, at Viña del Mar, Fifth Region (Valparaíso)

– Olmue’s Huaso Festival, at Olmué, Fifth Region (Valparaíso)

– Chile’s Champion, at Rancagua, Sixth Region (Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins)

– Frutillar’s musical weeks, at Frutillar. Tenth Region. (Los Lagos)

A. Tirana’s Party

Tirana’s Party is the most important religious party in the whole country and the most attractive event in the north of Chile, where religion and tradition blend together to make a unique show in terms of colors, music, dances, rites and masks.

This religious event combines Christian symbols together with indigenous rites, catholic beliefs with Andean traditions and historic and fantastic popular beliefs.

This great and spectacular party takes place every July 16th in order to celebrate Our Lady of Carmen’s Day at La Tirana, village located in the First Region – Tarapacá – just in the middle of Tamarugal pampa.

During that day, groups of people carrying colorful masks and pieces of clothes from the high plateauwalk along the unpaved streets from La Tirana at an overwhelming and unique show in the whole country which attracts thousands of visitors and congregators.

A.1 Tirana Village

Tirana village is an oasis located in the middle of Tamarugal Pampa, located in the dessert from the First Region of Tarapacá, 72 kms (45 miles) far from the region’s capital, Iquique.

It is surrounded by tamarugos, pimentos and acacias. It has about one thousand houses; most of them were built during the last century in mud and straw in very well lined streets that end facing the Church.

Its population is not greater than 1500 inhabitants and it is mainly conformed by farm men and shepherds.

During eleven months of the year, the village looks abandoned, but during July it transforms into the capital of faith and devotion where about 200 thousand people arrive from the country and abroad in order to renew their spiritual promise to Our Lady of Carmen from La Tirana.

During this month, La Tirana opens its doors to other visitors, all the houses receive people and people rise tents, inns and small restaurants from where you can smell sopaipillas (fried bread), empanadas (meat pies) and barbecues.

Together with the party, a colorful fair takes place where people form Bolivia, Perú and Chile exhibit ponchos, sweaters, rugs, religious images, rosettes, necklaces and images made of porcelain, plaster cast and wood.

A.2 Our Lady of La Tirana

Our Lady of La Tirana – also known as Our Lady of the Desert or Tamarugal’s Queen – is known in the whole Christian world and its image is located in the altar of the church of Our Lady of Carmen at La Tirana.

According to the Christian tradition, this black eyed Lady protects those who walk, help those who suffer and enlights what is needed, being the spiritual queen from the High Plateau pilgrims, not just Chilean but from other countries from abroad located near it.

Thousands of pilgrims get there to kiss, touch or make the sign of the cross in front of “Our Lady of Stone” which is the big image from Our Lady of Carmen that is kept in the church.

You can ask her help in case of sickness, economical troubles and business results.

The line of pilgrims begins on July 12 and does not stop until the 17th, despite the cold nights from the desert and the heat of midday.

Some pilgrims arrive crawling to the temple, on their knees. Some others hold candles of even one hundred and fifty centimeters high until they burn out in a sort of sacrifice staying still.

A.3 Procession, Rites and Diabladas

On July 16th La Tirana is full of people who make promises, gypsies, cuyacas, chunchos, dark or red skinned people, Chinese and the traditional diabladas in which more than 170 dances take place.

Pilgrims arrive with procession drums, tents and clothes, climbing and descending; some of them walking with just a single aim … to touch Our Lady’s feet, honor her and fulfill their promises.

A great amount of small shops and improvised places for spending the night fill the village’s streets and the square – located in front of the church of Our Lady of Carmen – is beautifully decorated for the party.

The groups rehearse their dances all year round and make their costumes and masks with a great effort, these elements are an interpretation from the Chinese Carnival.

This influence has to do with the great amount of Chinese people who were brought by the Englishsaltpeter refineries to work at the desert. In the same context, the “dances” are called “Chinese Dances” in the northern traditional language.

Each dance imply a group of not more than 20 people, who are coached by a leading character that wears the mask which identifies the group who can be a wolf, a devil or a fantasy mask.

The customs are completely embroidered with images such as birds and each image implies a symbol.

This dance takes place in front of La Tirana’s Church and they go together with procession drums and trumpets which transform the dusty square in a colorful and noisy show observed by thousands of visitors and tourists who arrive every year specially to witness the tributes made to Our Lady.

The dancers live thinking about La Tirana, especially those integrating the fraternities or Dancing Societies. These groups – which imply social networks – with their images and standards that hang from the walls begin their rehearsals in April in order to dance in July in front of Our Lady’s Image.

Its aim is to reach the Sanctuary in a god shape in terms of music, rhythm and costumes for which they work without resting for 90 days.

The “entrance” of the dances is at the Calvary cross, installed at the entrance of the village’s main street, where the sacred aspect begins and the profane finishes.

From there, they begin dancing and singing joyfully for arriving to La Tirana safely and healthily.

The dance runs slowly until they reach the altar and – in there – they sing their salutes. Then they leave the temple without ever giving their back to Our Lady as a symbol of respect.

Then the community begin dancing, obeying the sound of a whistle, matraca or trumpet.

Each one pains attention to their band’s music which –in certain occasions- cant be heard because of the great amount of noise that come from the square.

The night of July 15th and 16th the dancers meet at the square in order to perform the “dawn wait”which is a vigil that takes place during Our Lady of Carmen’s day.

In the square they light bonfires while the dancers dance around the fire and some of them light fireworks which bright in the clear heavens from the desert.

In the morning of the 16th – which is the most expected – the dancers go back to the places where they sleep to change their clothes even more attractive than those they worn before. Once they get dressed they return to the church to sing “Buenos Dias” (Good Morning).

A little bit before 10 AM, with a very old ritual, an image of Our Lady of La Tirana, decorated with flowers and dressed with a new cloak, crown and a great amount of colored ribbons is placed in a platform and then taken to the square.

The band plays the National Hymn, the Chilean flag is raised and they play Yungay song, because Our Lady of Carmen is the Patron Saint from the Chilean Army. Then they make silence with the matracas, trumpets and procession drums and Our Lady is saluted with handkerchiefs.

Then – at the entrance of the Church – the Holly Mass is celebrated and it is performed by Iquique’s Bishop, together with several priests who come from a lot of places, which is followed in absolute silence by the attendants who follow it from the outside.

In the afternoon, Our Lady is taken around the village followed by all the pilgrims in a procession they follow singing.

Our Lady is followed outside the church by the “Chinese dance”, a privilege that this group has since the beginning because – according to the tradition – is the one “she” likes most.

During the procession, pigeons are liberated from the flower arches placed in the streets, they throw pieces of paper and everybody sing and dance.

The 17th the party finishes with the farewell dances in which the pilgrims pray to Our Lady, asking her life to return again.

Perhaps the person who arrives to this popular party for the very first time may feel impressed by the weird gifts given to Our Lady and the fervor with which they worship her.

A.3 Tradition’s origin

The tradition of this amazing party has its origin in a legend from the year 1535, when Diego de Almagro left Cuzco – in Perú – to conquer Chile.

According to the legend, in this group there was the Inca Prince – Huillac Huma – the last priest from the extinct cult to the sun and her young and beautiful daughter – Ñusta Huillac – an Inca noble princess. Both of them were part of the expedition as prisoners and hostages in order to keep the submission of the thousands of natives who traveled with them.

When the group was heading to Pica, the woman escaped, followed by hundreds of loyal warriors and servants and she entered into the wood of Tamarugos – Today known as Tamarugal Pampa.

During four years, they tried to defend their nation and Ñusta became a priestess and a military in chief for her men. Since that moment she ordered to kill any Spaniard who may be caught by her soldiers.

The fame about her beauty and cruelty trespassed the borders from her operation field and began attracting rebels from other places who arrived to put under the orders of that one who was known as the “Tamarugal’s tyran”

One day a handsome man from Portugal named Vasco de Almeida approached to the young girl. At that time he worked at Huntajaya, silver mine located in Iquique.

One night Almeida dreamt with Our Lady of Carmen who indicated him the route for reaching the fabulous sun mine who a friend of him mentioned before.

Ov0erwhelmed by the dream and not obeying his friends’ advices, Almeida entered into Tamarugal Pampa where he was caught by the princess’ warriors.

Since the very first time she saw him, Ñusta understood that she was not able to condemn him to death and destiny wanted both of them to fall in love.

According to the instructions given by the Old Men Counsel the prisoner had to die. But the princess made a plan for saving him, saying that the decision had to be confirmed by the stars which indicated that the prisoner couldn’t be killed before the fourth full moon.

The princess did not take care about all her duties and military direction and she devoted to her prisoner, personally, keeping an eye on him in her stone house.

She also forgot her priestess duties, what caused an increasing anger among her warriors which reached a climax when they realized that Ñusta became Portuguese’s lover who was condemned to death.

In her try to safe his life the princess tried to taught him to her faith in Inti or the Sun God, but everything runned the other way around and it was Almeida the one who turned her into a Christian.

So finally Ñusta became a Christian and a few days before the fourth full moon, the lovers met in the woods – next to a spring where the village of La Tirana was supposedly built.

There, Almeyda baptized her lover as Maria. But the warriors spied during the whole ceremony and just after its end, Ñusta betray was confirmed and they were attacked with hundreds of arrows.

The princess survived enough to ask her warriors to burry her next to her lover and to place a cross in the place where both laid.

Year later, a monk found a cross roughly done in a clear space from Tamarugal Pampa while he was traveling in order to evangelize the surrounding areas.

The priest –impressed by what he founded and having heard about the sad story of both lovers- ask to build a temple in that place and named it as Our Lady of Carmen from La Tirana.

Now this place is the scene of one of the most traditional and attractive religious parties in the north of Chile.

B. Viña del Mar’s Festival

Viña del Mar’s Music International Festival is –unquestionably- the most attractive event during the Chilean summer, being the most important artistic and musical event in the Spanish speaking countries.

Viña’s Festival – how is normally known – is a music festival that takes place every year during the last week of February at the Garden City, joining for six days some remarkable artists from English and Spanish speaking countries.

The event takes place at Quinta Vergara’s amphitheatre which can hold more than 15.000 people and is transmitted live for the whole country.

Although the international and folkloric competition is the main reason for the event, the invited artists are the most important element in the festival.

Full of charm and always bringing the most attractive elements from the music scene, Viña del Mar’s Music Festival – during its forty years of existence – have brought singers such as José Luis Rodriguez, Julio Iglesias, Rafael, Creedence Clearwater, Kool & The Gang, INXS, A-Ha, Backstreet Boys, Ricky Martin and Shakira, among other hundreds of artists.

The event is followed every year by hundreds of TV watchers in Chile and abroad. And for those who visit the main Chilean resort during those days, the musical event becomes a great party full of glamour and fun.

B.1 Festival’s history

Viña del Mar’s International Music Festival began in 1959, far from the lights and the cameras which now a days is its main characteristic.

The next year, the event became a festival managed every year by the Tourism Department and the Public Affairs of Viña del Mar’s City Hall.

The idea was to provide the community with a public artistic space which may become a characteristic from the city and would also serve to attract tourists, that is why a much more elaborated stage was built. At the beginning in order to participate in the competition it was a must to present songs related to the Garden City.

In 1963 the television starred at Viña del Mar, transmitting to Valparíso and Santiago.

The lack of a distinctive element made that in 1969, the seagull became a symbol from the festival and it is still the same.

While the event began increasing, the success of the winning songs was overwhelming, such is the case of Gloria Simonetti with “Mira Mira” or Fernando Ubiergo with “El tiempo en las Bastillas”.

But the most remarkable decade for Viña’s Festival were the 70s, since in 1972 the transmission rights from the event were given to Televisión Nacional de Chile, the national TV station which transmitted the event for the whole country.

In 1976 the event became better known in other countries when international networks became interested in the transmissions.

Three years later there was a definite step to the international market, after a European TV Station offered to record the Festival in color and transmit it to Spain and other European Countries.

During this decade Antonio Vodanovic – who during decades consecrated as the host and a symbol from the event.

A lot of glamour, bright and lights have followed the festival’s last decades as well as changes in the TV contracts and shows from consecrated artists.

Every year, the expectancies about the event are greater since they have invested in more economical resources and a higher quality event.

B.2 Prizes

One of the most characteristic elements from Viña del Mar’s Festival are the different kind of prizes which are given to the artists who participate in it, which are absolutely symbolic.

The first prize from the event was given in 1960, it was “The Golden Lyre”. In a unique competition, the different participants had to present an original song which topic would be Viña del Mar city.

The next year, the folkloric competition was added, the winner would receive the same prize. But in 1969, the lyre was replaced by the “silver seagull” given originally to the winners of both competitions.

But since the end of the decade of the 70s the audience began asking to also give the seagull to those invited artists who performed very well.

In this way, the Festival’s audience began applauding, ignoring or booing the artists every night, reason for which it became known as “The Monster”, for its tradition of devouring the artists who didn’t fulfilled their expectancies.

Although the prize was reserved for the competition, the pressure from the audience to give a seagull to José Luis Rodriguez, in 1982, forced the mayor to decide to give the first silver seagull to an artist who wasn’t participating in the songs contest.

Throughout the time this situation began repeating and transformed into a tradition.

Then, the organizers created the “Silver Torch” for all the torches the audience lightened at Quinta Vergara for showing the approval about the singers.

Although the torch began existing to replace the seagull and keep it exclusively for those who participated in the show, the audience’s pressure forced to give torches and seagulls, depending on the success he or she had during the performance.

B.3 The Garden City

The city in which this incredible event takes place is Viña del Mar, located in the Fifth Region (Valparaíso) which is the main resort in the whole country.

Located 120 kms (74.5 miles) far from the capital – Santiago – has beautiful white sanded beaches wetted by the blue waters from the Pacific Ocean as well as a modern infrastructure which offers different alternatives for fun for people with different kind of interests and ages.

Known as the “Garden City” for being surrounded by green areas, Viña del Mar is one of the most important resorts for national and international tourists for its beaches and attractive night life, its gambling casino and its proximity to the capital.

Now it conforms a sort of union to Valaparaíso city, the main Chilean port and the place in which the Congress is located, reaching more than 600.000 inhabitants in total.

Among the great amount of attractive places you may find the following:

– Seaside: It is the continuation of the beach road that joints together Valparaíso and Viña del Mar. It begins at Caleta Abarca beach and border beautiful rocks and impressive mansions.

– Flower Clock: Is the most visited attractive place in the Garden City, because there is a belief according to which the visitors who want to return must take a photograph in it. Vegetal spieces form the numbers which conform the clock, which hands were brought from Switzerland.

– City Hall’s Theatre: This impressive building with a classic style with greek-roman corintian, it is part of the cultural history from the city. Through its stage have passed a lot of celebrities, a several amount of Ballet troupes, operas and shows from all over the world.

– City Hall’s Gambling Casino: With a mixture between Greek, Roman and Assyrian style. Today it is the Garden City’s symbol and it is considered one of the most complete and modern gambling casinos in the whole world. It has a cabaret in which very important artists have performed, with a modern 5 stars hotel, restaurants, rooms for events and a convention centre.

– Vergara Dock: An engineering work built in 1910 for serving CRAVs purposes. It is a testimony from best times and now is not longer used, it has transformed into the beautiful “Paseo Mirador” (“Viewpoint Avenue”).

– Palaces and castles: The Garden City have several impressive castles, most of them were declared National Historic Monument, among the most remarkable you may find:

· Wulff Castle: German French Style, built in 1906 by Gustavo Wulff – a German merchantand now the City Hall’s Patrimony Office works and there is an exposition centre too.

· Ross Castle: Tudor style, built in stone the year 1912, it was designed by the architect Cruz Montt, being and exact replica from a Scottish house with a castle design and built during the XIX century. Now it is the Arabian Club.

· Brunet Castle: Medieval style that reminds the romantic-gothic period in France. In 1974 it was bought by Chilean Policemen Department and became the official residence for remarkable visitors and social meetings.

· Vergara Palace: Venetian style, it was used by Viña del Mar’s founder’s daughter. Now it is used by the Fine Arts Museum.

· Rioja Palace: Its exuberance reminds the “Belle Epoque” that the rich families from Viña del Mar faced during the 1910. Now the city hall’s ceremonies are performed in there and it also works as a museum.

· Carrasco Palace: French style, the city hall was there until 1971 and now it holds the cultural Centre, Banjamín Vicuña Mackena Library, Viña del Mar’s Historic Archives and the Tourism department.

· Presidential Palace: It uses Neo Medieval elements and a modern colonial style and it is located at the top of Castillo Hill. Now it is the resting house for the Chilean Presidents.

– Beaches: An attractive element for hundred of tourists are the incredible beaches from Viña del Mar, white sanded beaches located very near the city. These are: Caleta Abarca, El Sol (The sun), Casino, Acapulco, Blanca (white), Los Marineros (The sea men), Las Salinas, Miramar and Cochoa.

– Museums: Culture is another one of those important elements from this beautiful city in which there are a lot of museums among which the most important are:

· Fine Arts Museum: It includes part from the development of different pictorial movements from the universal art with works of painters from the Italian School from the XVII century and the Venetian School from the XVI century.

· Francisco Fonck Museum: It has one of the most complete collections from Easter Island, including an authentic “Moai”, as well as a valuable sample of the primitive cultures from Continental Chile, Chilean Natural History and fossils from a whale which existed 25 million years ago.

– Parks, squares and green areas: The garden city – according to the determiner’s description – has a significant amount of squares and parks, what make the areas more beautiful and provide a space for relaxation and fun for the visitors. Among these the most important are:

· Botanical Garden: It has more than 3000 vegetal species of all kind, a great amount of trees and a group of palms as well as a lagoon with a walking avenue that finishes in a pathway in the forest.

· Quinta Vergara Park: Big and beautiful. In the inside you will find Vergara Palace which now a days is the Fine Arts Museum and the amphitheatre where Viña del Mar’s International Music Festival takes place.

· José Francisco Vergara square: It is located downtown Viña del Mar and it is surrounded by beautiful gardens and grass with amazingly beautiful flowers. It has an attractive water fountain and on Sundays you may be able to see the City Hall’s Orpheum.

· Mexico Square: Its main characteristic is its beautiful water fountain lightened by several light sets.

· Colombia Square: Is a traditional visit for the families from Viña del Mar and has games for children, green areas, an opened stage, a tea house and an ice cream shop.

C. Olmue’s Huaso Festival:

Olmue’s Huaso Festival takes place at Olmué city, at the Fifth Region (Valparaíso) it is the most important folkloric event in the whole country.

This event takes place every year at El Patagual Park in Olmué, during the third week of January.

Olmué’s Huaso Festival implies a sort of rescue from national origins and encourages the authors, composers and singers to create and spread national folkloric music.

This event is transmitted by public television for the whole country, its quality increases every year and now a days, remarkable international artists have performed in it.

C.1 Festival’s History

The idea of organizing a folkloric festival in Olmué began in 1969 and the idea was to encourage authors, composers and singers to create and spread folkloric Chilean music, in order to keep in people’s mind the different manifestations from Chilean folklore.

The management from the first Huaso Festival was in charge of a commission composed by the mayor, the Tourist Director from Olmue’s City Hall, Works Director, a representative from the Rodeo Club from Olmué and a folklorist and implied five categories, in which there was a mixture between music and other kind of national folkloric expressions.

All those who participated in the contest had to live at Valparaíso Province.

Through time, the Festival – which began very locally – began increasing and accepted authors, composers and singers from the whole country, transforming exclusively into a folkloric music event. Then it was reduced into two areas: centre Huaso and folkloric origin with 6 songs in competition for each.

In 1990, the festival was reduced into just one area: folkloric origin and through time the show has opened to folkloric expressions from other countries. That is why at El Patagual Park’s stage artists such as León Giecco, Víctor Heredia, Jaime Torres, Sandra Mihanovic, Los Chalchaleros, Grupo Polen, Flairck (Holland), Soledad, Los Nocheros, Eva Ayllon among others, have shown their art.

Since 1984 the festival began being transmitted by TV. At the beginning it was transmitted by UCV TV, then Televisión Nacional de Chile and Chilevisión. At the end of 1997 they established a deal with Universidad Católica de Chile (Channel 13), and that is why, from the XXIX version on, Olmue’s Huaso Festival is transmitted direct to the whole country and internationally up to Alaska.

In this way, a lot of Chilean singers consider Olmué’s Festival transforms into an excellent and honest artistic showcase and in some other cases a stage for consolidation. Even compared to Viña del Mar.

C.2 Olmué City

Olmué – located in the Fifth Region (Valparaíso) – is a city inhabited by about 13 thousand people, with a strong tourist and folkloric vocation.

Olmué derives from “Golmué” meaning “Land of Elms” in Aymara. It was founded in 1893 and – at its origin – it was Golmué’s Estate, which – in 1612 – was donated by the owner to those natives who lives and worked in it.

This peaceful place, typical from Chilean Farm, becomes active with the organization of Olmué’s Huaso Festival.

But apart from this event, there are different kinds of activities that take place all year round, some of them at the same time of the festival. Among these others you may find Chilean rodeos, games and traditional contests such as races, kites, greased pole and hopscotch among others.

Huasa Food Festival also takes place; it is organized by private entities together with the support from the City Hall which includes recipes and tastings from typical Chilean dishes.

In the streets from this small city, people install diverse handcraft fairs and they perform attractive rides in carriages.

Some other attractive places in Olmué include La Campana National Park, declared Biosphere World Reserve which is located near this city and where different kinds of excursions are organized.

D. Chile’s Champion

Rodeo’s National Championship, publicly known as Chile’s Champion or just El Chileno (The Chilean), it is the main tournament that takes place in this country in relationship to this kind of sport – which is traditional in Chile – and its main aim is to keep alive the origins and traditions from the country, which is an amazing Chilean Party.

This traditional event takes place at the impressive National Medialuna in Rancagua – Sixth Region’s capital (Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins) – which is the heart of the Huaso Area and the one in which the most clear traditions from the Chilean farming culture can be found.

Rodeo National Championship takes place every year, since about 50 years ago during the first weekend of April and it is organized by Chilean Rodeo Federation.

In this tournament the right of participation is won by al those who have classified in the whole country and attracts a great amount of people from all over the nation.

During the three journeys from Chile’s Champion (each one lasts 8 hours); they perform races from colts, mares, horses and a free mixture. They also perform another kind of activities such as rein movement and race seal.

The sport competitions relate to Chilean music which has a space during the national rodeo.

This is a massive show that joints together an audience from diverse ages, who enjoy this impressive sport that every time catches more attention from horsemen from other countries from the American Continent.

In all those aspects directly related to the rodeo. During this event, a lot of other traditional activities are performed. That is why it is possible to taste typical Chilean food, exhibited in different stands together with admiring exhibitions from typical handcraft, among which you may find implements such as saddles, reins, shoes and hats.

You can also see different folkloric groups with typical songs sanged by “cantoras” (singers) who keep alive a significant amount of the musical legacy from the country’s culture.

As a summary, Rodeo National Championship’s aim is to keep consciousness about the country’s identity and soul.

D.1 Chile’s Champion History

The Horse Riders Association, accepting what was asked by the rodeo organizing comities from the country’s centre, decided by unanimity to do it every year – since 1949 – and named it The Champion from the Chilean Champions and that it would be performed for the first time in Rancagua, matching the autumn rodeo from that city.

They published advertisements in the newspapers, offering a $20.000 ($37.3 US dollars) prize to those winners from Rancagua’s Rodeo and $50.000 ($93.2 US dollars) for those who win the Chile’s Champion, asking as the single requisite to have obtained a first, second or third place in a Champion from an official rodeo from the season 1948-1949.

The first week of March 1949 more than 50 winners from rodeos from all over the country got inscribed.

The first champion from this tournament was won by the team composed by Ernesto Santos and José Gutierrez.

The horseman who has won more titles has been Ramón Cardemil, considered the best horseman from the XX century according to the Federation, with seven Championships.

But the score record during a National Competition was achieved the year 2006 and was won by Claudio and Rufino Hernandez – both brothers – who got 48 points.

D.2 Chilean Rodeo

Rodeo is the Chilean National Sport and the second most practiced sport in the country, after football.

Its greatest expression is the National Rodeo Championship which takes place at Rancagua’s medialuna, but it is practiced at rural areas all over the country, mostly in the central area, being a rural party.

Rodeo consists of a team composed by two huasos and two horses, they have three chances to stop a young bull, obtaining different scores for this action.

The greatest score is achieved with the “atajada de ijar” (flank stop) which gives 4 good points, then the “atajada de paleta libre” (free shoulder stops) which gives 3 good points and finally the “atajada de paleta” (shoulder stop) for which 2 good points are won.

Now, this sport is ruled by a very strict regulation that – among other norms – establishes that only Chilean registered horses, rided by horsemen completely dressed like huasos will be able to compete.

Rodeo is not just a sport, but a party. Normally the rides takes place during the weekends and are normally complemented by different kind of activities such as handcraft fairs, horses exhibitions ,typical Chilean games, Chilean Races and tames among others.

The Ramada is the main place in which all this party takes place. Inside it, people dance cueca -traditional folkloric Chilean dance – and taste typical food from the country such as cazuela (casserole), barbecue, corn pie, humitas (grinded corn packed in their own leaves) and empanadas (meat pies).

You can also taste the popular wine as well as pisco, chichi, ponche (punch) and borgoña (burgundy).

D.3 Rancagua city

The location in which this traditional event takes place is Rancagua city – capital of the Sixth Region (Libertador Bernardo O’Higgins) – located 100 kms (62 miles) south from Santiago, city with which is jointed by an excellent highway in which you can travel in less than an hour.

This city – mainly agro industrial – keep untouched those traditions which identify national folklore, expressed in its agricultural production – from which wine lands emerge – which has reached international fame as well as its handcraft, music, dances, religious parties and traditions.

In its surroundings you will also find El Teniente mineral, the biggest underground copper mine in the whole world as well as beautiful natural landscapes which include hot springs and a ski resort.

Rancagua city – founded in 1743 – is an historical place in which land an important and heroic battle for Chilean Independence took place.

Among those places which deserve to be visited are Merced’s Church, built during the XVIII century and located in front of the Heroes’ Square. In October 1st and 2nd, 1814 it became a place of bloody and sad fights, being declared National Monument.

Another place is the Old Native Country’s Muesum, where you can find different elements and pieces from the colonial period; Pilar House and Culture House which were built during the city’s foundation, both declared Historical Monument and Mister Calixto Rodriguez’s House, which now a days is Rancagua’s Regional Museum.

The Heroes’ Square is also a typical place from this area, located in the very downtown of the city and where our national heroes showed their heroism.

At the city surroundings – a few miles far from it – it is possible to visit de village of Doñihue, which preserves a beautiful handcraft tradition in which rustic looms shape incredible ponchos worn by the huasos during the rodeos as well as belts, chamantos and cloaks.

The cloaks and belts from Doñihue are much appreciated pieces of clothes among huasos from all over the country because of their design, color, quality and exclusiveness.

You can also visit Colchagua Valley which represents the greatest expression from rural folklore in the centre of the country – including cueca contests, grape harvest parties and the famous Wine Route.

Colchagua’s Wine Route is the first wine tourist circuit created in Chile and joints 14 vineyards.

It is a tour circuit which offers different kind of programs, with tastings from the most important valley’s wine cellars.

Each one of the vine yards that are visited has its own history and particular charm and a lot of them have a long family tradition as well as the best technology incorporated to its fine wine production.

Through the mountain chain you will find hot springs, mountain ranges and sites with a strong paleontological interest, located in mild and peaceful landscapes.

Another must from this area is Rapel Lake, which let the practice of nautical sports such as windsurf, yatching, catamaran, water ski and argentine silverside fishing, being the centre of important national sport events.

In the surroundings – in a rural environment of peaceful villages – there is a great contrast with impressive engineering works such as Longovilo satellite centre and Rapel Central.

E. Frutillar’s Musical Weeks

Frutillar’s Music Weeks are an International Music Festival which implies a great event in this area and reaches an international character and that takes place every year in this city located in the Tenth Region (Los Lagos)

This important festival – that began in 1968 – takes place every year between January 27th and February 5th and its selective program includes music form other times and styles which is interpreted by soloists, groups, chamber orchestras, bands and symphonic choirs.

These concerts are performed daily at three different schedules – afternoon, midday and at night and during those 10 days in which the event takes place is a meeting point of about 400 artists who show their art, through symphonic and coral concerts, folkloric, jazz or fusion group presentations.

There is a great interest in participating in this event and that is why every year there is a greatest amount of people who apply.

During the last few years musicians, singers and directors from countries such as Germany, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Korea, Czech Republic, United States, Slovenia, Spain, Holland, Israel, Japan, France, England, Italy, Morocco, Mexico, Poland, Peru, Russia, Switzerland and Sweden among others, have participated.

The “Music Weeks” are organized by a group work from the Cultural Corporation – who founded the event –, University of Chile, and Chilean Air Force and have a direct effect over about 20.000 people who attend the concerts.

This music event have been increasing its category and name inside the country and abroad throughout the time, that is why every day there is a greater amount of people who attend the concerts who arrive to Frutillar not just attracted by the music’s beauty, but also by the landscape in which the event takes place.

The place in which this magnificent event takes place is this small and fascinating city located next to Llanquihue Lake, 1000 kms (621 miles) south from its capital, Santiago.

It is located in a silvo agricultural centre of one of the most beautiful regions from the whole country which main characteristic are the great amount of lakes, rivers, valleys, forests and volcanoes which are located between the impressive Andes mountain chain and the Pacific Ocean.

E.1 Music Weeks History:

Frutillar’s Music Weeks were founded in 1968 by Arturo Junge – director of the recognizable international choir “Singkreis” and director of the Chilean-German league of culture – together with other collaborators from Frutillar such as Alfredo Daetz and Robert Dick.

What began in a half improvised way has became through time in an International Music Festival for Chile and Latin America.

To host such event – due to its quality and the growth that have experienced – since 2004 Musical Weeks take place in the beautiful “Lake Theatre” which takes advantage from the marvelous location on the shore of Llanquihue Lake.

This is a spectacular meeting place with an amazing view from the forests, lakes and impressivevolcanoes.

E.2 Frutillar City

Frutillar is located in the Tenth Region (Los Lagos), 1.000 kms (621 miles) south from the capital – Santiago – being one of the cities from the south of Chile that are beautifully located at the shores of Llanquihue Lake.

This charming city – founded in the XIX century – has a remarkable influence from the German Colonizers which is expressed in its architecture, handcraft and a delicious pastry that includes delicious recipes such as kuchens, cakes and marmalades. In terms of culture, German Colonization Museum calls the attention.

Among the most attractive places you will find beautiful beaches located at the shores of Llanquihue Lake, the second largest in Chile, which is located in a natural surrounding with a lot of flora and fauna and from where it is possible to have a privileged view from the impressive volcanoes Puyehue, Puntiagudo, Osorno and Calbuco as well as Tronador Hill which is 4.460 meters (14632 feet) high.

At Llanquihue Lake you can perform several activities such as fishing, from the border or the middle of it, of salmons as well as nautical sport such as windsurf or sailing in Captain Haase cruise.

Frutillar also offers many other activities in a beautiful natural environment such as horse back riding, trekking and agro tourism. Another attractive element is “Edmundo Winkler’s Native Forest Pathway” which has ancient trees of autochthones species.

Among those events that make the tradition of this area, as well as Frutillar Music Weeks is Llanquihue’s Folkloric National Meeting, the Bierfest or Beer Party at Llanquihue, South Meat Party and Kuchen Festival.

In the last 20 years Frutillar has faced a significant tourist peak, keeping its German colonial urban style but also developing industries such as hotels, restaurants and the nautical area.